These risk factors increase your chances of developing foot problems and diabetic infections in your legs and feet if you are a diabetic.
Footwear: Poorly fitting shoes are a common cause of diabetic foot problems. If you have red spots, sore spots, blisters ,
or consistent pain associated with wearing your shoes, you need to get new, properly fitting footwear as soon as possible.
If you have common foot abnormalities such as flat feet, bunions, or hammertoes ,
you may need prescription shoes or shoe inserts.
People with long-standing or poorly controlled diabetes are at risk for having damage to the nerves in their feet. The medical term for this is peripheral neuropathy. Because of the nerve damage, you may be unable to feel your feet normally. Also you may be unable to sense the position of your feet and toes while walking and balancing. With normal nerves, you can usually sense if your shoes are rubbing on your feet or if one part of your foot is becoming strained while walking. The diabetic may not properly perceive minor injuries (such as cuts, scrapes, blisters ),
signs of abnormal wear and tear (that turn into calluses
and foot strain. Normally, people can feel if there is a stone in their shoe and remove it immediately. A diabetic may not be able to perceive a stone. Its constant rubbing can easily create a sore.
Diabetes, especially when poorly controlled, can lead to accelerated hardening of the arteries or atherosclerosis. When the blood flow to injured tissues is not good, healing is hampered.
Trauma to the foot:
Any trauma to your foot makes your foot vulnerable to a serious problem. Athlete’s foot can lead to more serious bacterial infections and should be treated promptly. Ingrown toenails
should be handled right away by a foot specialist. Toenail fungus
should also be treated. Smoking: Smoking any form of tobacco causes damage to the small blood vessels in the feet and legs. This damage can disrupt the healing process and is a major risk factor for infections and amputations. The importance of smoking cessation cannot be overemphasized.